viernes, 31 de enero de 2014


By: Valdemir Mota de Menezes
No use juggling exegetical , hermeneutic , or try to cover the sun with a sieve . Women in Christianity never exercised leadership position. The early church consisted of two official positions : Elder ( same as bishop) and deacon . The elders had a duty to govern the church , never singular but plural , was a rectory . Deacons took care of the materials and services of worship of the Christian community , in this case , could be male and female. Still existed ministries of service, spiritual gifts of Christ to individuals of the church , these are five: Apostles ( missionaries , sent ) , prophets , pastors , evangelists , and teachers ( teachers ) . Today we realize tremendous confusion as to positions and ministerial gifts . Still others create a hierarchy of positions , it is not biblical doctrine . Junia , mentioned in Romans 16.7 was not an apostle , in the sense of the twelve apostles of Jesus . It is unbiblical doctrine of apostolic succession . Junia was only a missionary , a person sent to a local or special mission . The Greek word " apostle " means " sent.

jueves, 23 de enero de 2014


La separazione: Cristianesimo Giudaismo
By: Scribe Valdemir Mota de Menezes
Il cristianesimo è nato nel cuore del giudaismo, Gesù non ha mai lasciato Israele, Gesù non è mai andato per la campagna missionaria ai gentili, Gesù stesso ha detto che è venuto alle pecore perdute di Israele. Solo dopo la sua risurrezione, Gesù ordinò ai suoi discepoli che sparse il messaggio cristiano al mondo. I cristiani erano riluttanti a lasciare la terra santa. Solo con ondate di persecuzioni che i cristiani si sono diffuse in tutto l'impero romano. L'apostolo Paolo è stato scelto per rendere il cristianesimo una nuova religione, una comunità religiosa separata del giudaismo. Durante il primo secolo del cristianesimo, non credenti, e le autorità romane pensano che i cristiani erano solo una delle tante sette ebraiche.

domingo, 19 de enero de 2014


By: Scribe Valdemir M Menezes.
An ancient manuscript chronicles persecutions that the early Christians in apostolic times suffered by Saul of Tarsus. These "enemies" who entered the temple and persecuted Christians is a paraphrase of the person of Saul, who later would become, and would be the greatest exponent of Christianity.

Selections of Clementine Recognitions
[Persecutor of the Faith] (date unknown)

[The preceding chapters describe a debate in Jerusalem between the apostles and the leaders of each of the Jewish sects.] * * *And when matters were at that point that they should come and be baptized, some one of our enemies, 20entering the temple with a few men, began to cry out, and to say, What mean ye, O men of Israel? Why are you so easily hurried on? Why are ye led headlong by most miserable men, who are deceived by a magician?' While he was thus speaking, and adding more to the same effect, and while James the bishop was refuting him, he began to excite the people and to raise a tumult, so that the people might not be able to hear what was said. Therefore he began to drive all into confusion with shouting, and to undo what had been arranged with much labour, and at the same time to reproach the priests, and to enrage them with revilings and abuse, and like a madman, to excite every one to murder, saying, 'What do ye? Why do ye hesitate? Oh, sluggish and inert, why do we not lay hands upon them, and pull all these fellows to pieces?' When he had said this, he first, seizing a strong brand from the altar, set the example of smiting. Then others also, seeing him, were carried away with like madness. Then ensued a tumult on either side, of the beating and the beaten. Much blood is shed; there is a confused flight, in the midst of which that enemy attacked James, and threw him headlong from the top of the steps; and supposing him to be dead, he cared not to inflict further violence upon him.

But our friends lifted him up, for they were both more numerous and more powerful than the others; but, from their fear of God, they rather suffered themselves to be killed by an inferior force, than they would kill others. But when the evening came the priests shut up the temple, and we returned to the house of James, and spent the night there in prayer. Then before daylight we went down to Jericho, to the number of 5000 men. Then after three days one of the brethren came to us from Gamaliel, whom we mentioned before, bringing us secret tidings that that enemy had received a commission from Caiaphas, the chief priest, that he should arrest all who believed in Jesus, and should go to Damascus with his letters, and that there also, employing the help of the unbelievers, he should make havoc among the faithful; and that he was hastening to Damascus chiefly on this account, because he believed that Peter had fled thither. Apd about thirty days thereafter he stopped on his way while passing through Jericho going to Damascus. At that time we were absent, having gone out to the sepulchres of two brethren which were whitened of themselves every year, by which miracle the fury of many against us was restrained, because they saw that our brethren were had in remembrance before God. * * *

20. This "enemy" is Paul. The same phrase is applied to him in the Letter of Peter to James (above).

martes, 14 de enero de 2014


Por Valdemir Mota de Menezes, o Escriba

Bom dia colegas,

Gostaria de falar um pouco sobre a Teoria da Inspiração da Escrituras Sagradas.
1 - A maioria dos escritores bíblicos não tinha noção da dimensão dos seus escritos, então podemos dizer que do ponto de vista do escritor da carta, no caso Paulo, ele apenas objetivava exortar, corrigir, e animar pessoas e comunidades cristãs do seu convívio.
2 - Os livros considerados inspirados por Deus, foi assim declarado, não por uma autoridade específica, mas a comunidade de judeus (no caso do Antigo Testamento) e a comunidade cristã (no caso do Novo Testamento) foram assim que tiveram contato com estes escritos, o considerando de alta importancia para a preservação da fé e logo em seguida, estes escritos foram considerados produzidos sob a inspiração divina.
3 - As comunidades cristãs acreditam neste mover do Espírito Santo. Não podemos compreender cientificamente a crença na inspiração verbal das Escrituras (incluindo as cartas de Paulo), se alguém pretende se tornar cristã, baseando-se somente em estudos científicos, não passará de um bom estudos de história  da Antiguidade.


Texto de Valdemir Mota de Menezes

Fazendo um estudo exegetico de cada palavra das cartas de Paulo, especialmente na introdução da cartas, podemos entender que Paulo se intitulava como apóstolo, ou escravo, ou prisioneiro de acordo com a mensagem que ele pretendia transmitir por meio da sua carta.


Da: Valdemir Mota de Menezes, lo scriba

Il termine Ekklesia è stata scattata dal cristianesimo preso in prestito dalla lingua greca, ad una nuova impostazione. La Eklessia di Cristo non era la stessa Ekklesia città, ma una comunità di fedeli di Cristo. Lettere di Paolo non erano rivolte ad affrontare questioni politiche di questa o quella città, ma la nuova religione che si è formata intorno al Salvatore inviato da Dio secondo le promesse delle Scritture Ebraiche.

Le lettere sono state Scritto tra 49-57 CE, e sono state Scritto in greco, forse la lingua più comune al di fuori del territorio oggi noto come l'Italia.
Che attirare la mia attenzione è la definizione di ekklesia. E 'dichiarato straniero definizione que non è stato permesso di aderire pollici Che aveva un senso nell'idea di Paolo di "chiesa" (ekklesia a questo termine è quasi sempre tradotto). Per appartenere a ekklesia, si dovrebbe essere eleggibili, Doveva avere una certa identità simile al gruppo che vorrebbe unirsi. Per Paolo, era chiaro que condizione spirituale, ispirata all'insegnamento di Cristo, credendo nel ruolo del Messia di Cristo fosse requisito di base per articolare un ekklesia. Chi non condivide questa requeirement base era uno straniero, e potrebbe non condividere l'identità del ekklesia.

jueves, 9 de enero de 2014


Mick Taylor and Scribe Valdemir discussing the word " ekklesia " in the New Testament - In the forum course Harvard Divinity School EDX
Mick Taylor

I am surprised and a little exasperated that in the course materials it is stated more than once that Paul wrote before people were called Christians. Yet in Acts 11:26 we are told that in Antioch the disciples were first called Christians and this is before Paul wrote any of his letters. Of course this assumes the historical accuracy of Acts but to ignore this reference without discussion is problematic for me.
Equally not including all the letters (13) in the New Testament which assert that Paul is their author without discussion is unhelpful.
Have I missed or misunderstood something here?
Hello dear friend Mick Taylor ,
Again enjoyed reading your comments . Citation of Acts 11:26 says that the first time the Christian term , applied to the followers of Jesus , but the term ekklesia appears in Acts 5:11 applies to the followers of Jesus . In Acts 8:3 says that Paul persecuted the church before his conversion , here it is understood that the church is a reference to the assembly of followers of Christ . In Acts 14:27 also speaks of the church meeting . The term church was not a building as commonly erroneously applies today . In Acts 13.1 also speaks of the church that was at Antioch , ie the assembly of Christians who were there . Finally in Acts 14:23 it speaks of election of elders in the church , that is , election in the assembly of Christians . In the intrinsic evaluation of the letters of Paul only a few appear as the sender apostle Paul , that does not mean he is not the author of others, I have my suspicions of involvement in Paul's authorship of Hebrews .But do not fret Mick , we're just conniving , not affirming or dogmatizing



By Valdemir Mota de Menezes, the Scribe

It is interesting to note how the word ekklesia is used through out the New Testament. Besides being a political assembly Acts 19:39 it is also used of a meeting more generally Acts 19:32, 40 and the congregation of Israel Acts 7:38: Hebrews 2:12. Most of the references of course refer Christians either in a meeting 1 Corinthians 11:18, or a group of Christians living in one place 1 Corinthians 1:2; or to all believers Ephesians 1:22. I am not at all convinced the political option is the best reference point. Paul's and the rest of the New Testaments assumption that the ekklesia of Christ made up of both Jews and Gentiles inherits and is the fulfillment of the promises of made to Israel makes the best sense.

One of the rules of hermeneutics is that the Bible interprets the Bible itself. The term ekklesia is applied forcefully in the Bible, in most cases, to a community of Christians in a particular place, or the spiritual body of Christ composed of people saved by the Lord Jesus.